Innalillahiwainnailaihirojiun — Innaa lillaahi wa innaa ilaihi raajiuun.
Who say, when a misfortune striketh them: in truth we are Allah’s and in truth unto Him we are returning
Innaa lillaahi wa innaa ilaihi raajiuun. As we know that Muslims have uttered this one verses of surah Al Baqarah in many situations in their life. Sometimes they say it when they lost something, people they love has passed away, some problems that involved them or their family and so on.
In other case, this expression was called istirja’. Istirja’ has been written in Al munawwir dictionary which means “returning” or “defeasance”. The word returning means taking something after lending or giving for several times to others. It was given for several times because there was period of time for having it. Therefore, there was no wonder when Allah take His own back as He sould be.
Innalillahiwainnailaihirojiun in Arabic
From the sentence structure perspective, istirja’ consists of two sentences. They were innaa lillahi and innaa ilaihi raa’jiuun. The word inna means the truth is we are, meanwhile the word lillah means Allah’s. The truth is we are Allah’s. The main concept of ownership here is absolute. The word ownership actually comes from Arabic from the root word “malaka” which means to have.
In Arabic “milk” means a person’s mastery toward something (goods or property) and those goods in his possession either in real or legal terms. The meaning of mastery here reflects that the person possessing the goods have the power over it so he can use them according to his will and no one, either individually or institutionally, can prevent him from utilizing the goods he possessed.
Verily, everything that is in the heavens and earth is only the possession of Allah. Whether it is material or immaterial. Whether in the form of living objects or inanimate objects. Either visible or invisible. It is shown by Allah in his word in surah Al Baqarah: 284,
لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۗ وَإِنْ تُبْدُوا مَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَوْ تُخْفُوهُ يُحَاسِبْكُمْ بِهِ اللَّهُ ۖ فَيَغْفِرُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيُعَذِّبُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
Unto Allah (belongeth) whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth; and whether ye make known what is in your minds or hide it, Allah will bring you to account for it. He will forgive whom He will and He will punish whom He will. Allah is Able to do all things.
This verse explains clearly that Allah is the only possessor of all that He created, either whatsoever is on earth and whatsoever is in the heavens. Thus, it is surely Allah who has the right to take everything back that belongs to Him, in under any circumstances, anytime, and anyhow. The obligation of mankind is only to live his nature as human beings, to face and accept all the conditions that Allah has set patiently and with all sincerity.
If a person has acknowledged the nature of Allah as the owner of everything, then he should realize that Allah has the right to command and forbid us, whether he likes it or not. He must be patient in avoiding what he forbids. Be patient with what is obliged to him. We should be aware that ourselves as well as our possessions and our families (parents, siblings, and wives and children) are also His.
Dua For Death in Arabic Inna Lillahi wa Inallah e raji oon
The word raaji’uun means back. Ilaihi raaji’uun means to Him (the place) we return. The contextual meaning of return is to be back forever and never come back again. Everything that belongs to Him will be back to Him. The word return, indicating that the current ownership in human life is really temporary. Someday sooner or later everything will be back to Him.
Allah created mankind to be the Caliph on this earth. As the supreme leader among Allah’s creatures on earth, man is blessed by Allah with intelligence to think, to express opinions, to do, to work, to decide and so on.
Humans live by living their nature as Allah’s creatures. Where there is a meeting, it usually ends in a farewell. Where there is a birth, it will end in death. Where there is a beginning, will inevitably also meet with the end. Thus if Allah has willed, then surely it will happen according to His will.
To understand about Allah’s nature and how to live it, people need strong faith and heart to trust in God who orders everything because many people have negative thinking about Allah’s fate.
When Allah tested them with a misfortune, they assume it as a loss. However, many people also assume that Allah has taken sides to them when Allah favoured them with abundant grant. Allah has explained it clearly in His Quran surah Al Fajr:
فَأَمَّا الإنْسَانُ إِذَا مَا ابْتَلاهُ رَبُّهُ فَأَكْرَمَهُ وَنَعَّمَهُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّي أَكْرَمَنِ وَأَمَّا إِذَا مَا ابْتَلاهُ فَقَدَرَ عَلَيْهِ رِزْقَهُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّي أَهَانَنِ
As for man, whenever his Lord trieth him by honouring him, and is gracious unto him, he saith: My Lord honoureth me. But whenever He trieth him by straitening his means of life, he saith: My Lord despiseth me
Whereas, Allah has opposed those human’s prejudice as showed in surah Al Baqarah verse 216:
وَعَسَى أَنْ تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ وَعَسَى أَنْ تُحِبُّوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ شَرٌّ لَكُمْ وَاللهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتُمْ لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ
Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. Allah knoweth, ye know not.
Presence or departure should be part of an unavoidable human life story. Allah is the one and only One who wills for all that happens. Through the test, it can show the quality of human faith to his God. Is he able to pass every test with patience and sincerity also trust his God for everything that happened? Or is he simply returning to his nature as the creature who always despair and complaint?
There is much wisdom that can be taken from understanding lafadz istirja ‘. This lafadz is not only be expressed when someone is facing calamities, but it also can be a media to plead God’s help. For, when we trust that everything happen by His will, there will be no more fear of loss than fear to Allah. Therefore, of course, the faith of a man who believes that Allah is the only one to rely on has been well reflected.
According to the nature of ownership, a perfect understanding of the lafadz istirja ’causes a person to be sincerer in taking everything that belongs to him off and be more patient in facing the loss of something that has been taken from him. It becomes easier to pass every bitter test with his sincerity and patience. Usually, it is not easy for a person to be truly sincere and patient when God tests him with loss.
Either lose some members of the family, property, position, health, and so on. It is human’s nature, after seeing everything attached to them is His. However, when one’s faith in Allah’s verse in Qur’an which states that everything belongs to only Allah has overwhelmed him, then it is also the tendency in having something slowly apart from him. The faith has destroyed the hardness of heart in possessing something that he never had.
When a person’s heart has grown pure faith in Allah, then the heart will be moved to surrender and put their trust in only Allah. It is proper that mankind should put their trust in his Rabb, because there is none to be worshiped except Allah. In surah Hud verse 123, Allah said:
وإليه يرجع الامر كلَه واعبده و توكل على الله وما الله بغافل عما تعملون
And Allah’s is the invisible of the heavens and the earth. And unto Him the whole matter will bu returned. So worship Him and put thy trust in Him. Lo ! thy Lord is not unaware of what ye (mortals) do.
In the Quran surah Hud verse 123 mentioned above, Allah is the one who will for everything that happens in this world. Life and dead, the beginning and the end, meeting and separating, happiness and sadness have been a pair of nature those come alternately. Both the first and the second are equally valuable lessons for human beings to always do introspection to their selves throughout his life.
Mankind is only in the dimension of struggling in passing through every stage of life, while relying on and remaining good at what God wants. God did not ever want to injure His creatures. But when they thought that something that happened to him is a loss, it happens because of their actions.
Therefore, let us always apologize to Allah whenever and wherever we are. Because we never know when God wants to take back the soul that now is attached to our body. Wallahu a’lam bishshowab.